<HTML> <head> <!-- RS Last Updated 30 November 2009 by Philip --> <title>Philip Staal - Roestvrijstaal</title> <META HTTP-EQUIV="Content-Type" CONTENT="text/html; charset=windows-1255"> <meta name="description" content="Tweede WereldoorlogWezen"> <meta name="keywords" content="Philip Staal, oorlogWezen, Roestvrijstaal, Roestvrij-Staal, ISBN 9789059722712, Joodse wezen, Joodse, Joods tegoeden, restitutie, weeshuizen, weeshuisgeld, vermogensbeheer, Le-Ezrath Ha-Jeled, Rudelsheimstichting, Bergstichting, Joods jongenshuis, fusie, JMW, Joods Maatschappelijk Werk"> <meta name="robots" content="index, follow" /> <script language=javascript> </script> </head> <BODY BGCOLOR="#FFFFFF" LINK="#003366" VLINK="#003366" ALINK="#CC0000"> <blockquote> <A NAME="top"></A> <table width="80%" border="0"><td width="100%"> <!-- Begin html vlaggen --> <A href="../../../RS/index.html" TARGET="_parent"><img src="../../images/vlag-NL.gif" width="25" height="15" border="0" ALT="Nederlands"></A> <A href="../../../RSH/index.html" TARGET="_parent"><img src="../../images/vlag-IL.png" width="25" height="15" border="0" ALT="Hebrew"></A> <A href="../../../RSE/index.html" TARGET="_parent"><img src="../../images/vlag-UK.gif" width="25" height="15" border="0" ALT="English"></A> <FONT COLOR="#003366" SIZE="4"><B>wezen.org</FONT></b> <!-- Einde html vlaggen --> <!-- Begin Navigatiebalk 1 --> <table width="100%" border="0" cellspacing="2" cols="7"> <td nowrap="true" bgcolor="#25587E" width="14%" height="24"> <A href="../../index.html" TARGET="_parent"><center><font face="Arial" size="-1" color="#FFFFFF"><b>Home</A></center></font></b></td> <td nowrap="true" bgcolor="#25587E" width="14%" height="24"> <A href="../../Boek-1/Noten/index.html" TARGET="_parent"><center><font face="Arial" size="-1" color="#FFFFFF"><b>Documenten</A></center></font></b></td> <td nowrap="true" bgcolor="#25587E" width="14%" height="24"> <A href="../../Bestel/index.html" TARGET="_parent"><center><font face="Arial" size="-1" color="#FFFFFF"><b>Bestel nu</A></center></font></b></td> <td nowrap="true" bgcolor="#25587E" width="14%" height="24"> <A href="../../kranten/index.html" TARGET="_parent"><center><font face="Arial" size="-1" color="#FFFFFF"><b>Artikelen</A></center></font></b></td> <td nowrap="true" bgcolor="#25587E" width="14%" height="24"> <A href="../../prikbord/index.html" TARGET="_parent"><center><font face="Arial" size="-1" color="#FFFFFF"><b>Prikbord</A></center></font></b></td> <td nowrap="true" bgcolor="#25587E" width="14%" height="24"> <A HREF="../../nieuwsbrief/index.html" TARGET="_parent"><center><font face="Arial" size="-1" color="#FFFFFF"><b>Nieuwsbrief</A></center></font></b></td> <td nowrap="true" bgcolor="#25587E" width="14%" height="24"> <A href="../../Verhalen/index.html" TARGET="_parent"><center><font face="Arial" size="-1" color="#FFFFFF"><b>Verhalen</A></center></font></b></td> </TABLE> <!-- Einde Navigatiebalk 1 --> <!-- Begin Navigatiebalk 2 --> <center><table width="90%" border="0" cellspacing="2" cols="6"> <td nowrap="true" bgcolor="#25587E" width="12%" height="24"> <A HREF="../../about/index.html" TARGET="_parent"><center><font face="Arial" size="-1" color="#FFFFFF"><b>Over ons</A></font></b></td></center> <td nowrap="true" bgcolor="#25587E" width="12%" height="24"> <A HREF="../../news/index.html" TARGET="_parent"><center><font face="Arial" size="-1" color="#FFFFFF"><b>Nieuws</A></font></b></td></center> <td nowrap="true" bgcolor="#25587E" width="15%" height="24"> <A HREF="../../namen/index.html" TARGET="_parent"><center><font face="Arial" size="-1" color="#FFFFFF"><b>Ter nagedachtenis</A></font></b></td></center> <td nowrap="true" bgcolor="#25587E" width="12%" height="24"> <A HREF="../../contact/index.html" TARGET="_parent"><center><font face="Arial" size="-1" color="#FFFFFF"><b>Contact</A></font></b></td></center> <td nowrap="true" bgcolor="#25587E" width="12%" height="24"> <A HREF="../../links/index.html" TARGET="_parent"><center><font face="Arial" size="-1" color="#FFFFFF"><b>Links</A></font></b></td></center> <td nowrap="true" bgcolor="#25587E" width="12%" height="24"> <A HREF="../../video/index.html" TARGET="_parent"><center><font face="Arial" size="-1" color="#FFFFFF"><b>Video</A></font></b></td></center> </TABLE></center> <!-- Einde Navigatiebalk 2 --> <br><IMG alt=The Times src="images/TNYT-logo.gif" border="0"><BR> <TABLE cellSpacing="0" cellPadding="0" width="100%" border="0"><TBODY> <TR><TD vAlign=center align=left width="100%" bgColor="#848694" height="24"> <FONT face=Arial color="#ffffff" size=-1><B>www.nytimes.com - Thursday 13 November 2010</B></FONT> </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE> <table width="100%"><td width="100%"> <br><FONT SIZE="5" color="#7E587E"><B>Nazis Were Given  Safe Haven in U.S., Report Says</B></FONT> <br><font size="2">By ERIC LICHTBLAU</font> <span lang=NL style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-ansi-language:NL;font-weight:normal'> <br><br>WASHINGTON  A secret history of the United States government s Nazi-hunting operation concludes that American intelligence officials created a  safe haven in the United States for Nazis and their collaborators after World War II, and it details decades of clashes, often hidden, with other nations over war criminals here and abroad. <span lang=NL style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-ansi-language:NL;font-weight:normal'> <br><br><DIV style="BORDER-LEFT: #7f7f7f 0px solid; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; BORDER-TOP: #7f7f7f 0px solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; FLOAT: LEFT; MARGIN: 5px 11px 0px 0px; BORDER-RIGHT: #7f7f7f 0px solid; BORDER-BOTTOM: #7f7f7f 1px solid"> <img src="images/TNYT-Nov-13A-10.jpg" border="0"> <br><FONT face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif, Tahoma" color=#666666 size="2">Dave Dieter/The Huntsville Times<br>via Associated Press<br>Arthur Rudolph, in 1990, was a<br>rocket scientist for Nazi<br>Germany and NASA.</font> </DIV> The 600-page report, which the Justice Department has tried to keep secret for four years, provides new evidence about more than two dozen of the most notorious Nazi cases of the last three decades. <br><br>It describes the government s posthumous pursuit of Dr. Josef Mengele, the so-called Angel of Death at Auschwitz, part of whose scalp was kept in a Justice Department official s drawer; the vigilante killing of a former Waffen SS soldier in New Jersey; and the government s mistaken identification of the Treblinka concentration camp guard known as Ivan the Terrible. <br><br>The report catalogs both the successes and failures of the band of lawyers, historians and investigators at the Justice Department s Office of Special Investigations, which was created in 1979 to deport Nazis. <br><br>Perhaps the report s most damning disclosures come in assessing the Central Intelligence Agency s involvement with Nazi migrs. Scholars and previous government reports had acknowledged the C.I.A. s use of Nazis for postwar intelligence purposes. But this report goes further in documenting the level of American complicity and deception in such operations. <br><br>The Justice Department report, describing what it calls  the government s collaboration with persecutors, says that O.S.I investigators learned that some of the Nazis  were indeed knowingly granted entry to the United States, even though government officials were aware of their pasts.  America, which prided itself on being a safe haven for the persecuted, became  in some small measure  a safe haven for persecutors as well, it said. <br><br><DIV style="BORDER-LEFT: #7f7f7f 0px solid; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; BORDER-TOP: #7f7f7f 0px solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; FLOAT: LEFT; MARGIN: 5px 11px 0px 0px; BORDER-RIGHT: #7f7f7f 0px solid; BORDER-BOTTOM: #7f7f7f 1px solid"> <img src="images/TNYT-Nov-13B-10.jpg" border="0"> <br><FONT face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif, Tahoma" color=#666666 size="2">Associated Press<br>Dr. Josef Mengele in 1956.</font> </DIV> The report also documents divisions within the government over the effort and the legal pitfalls in relying on testimony from Holocaust survivors that was decades old. The report also concluded that the number of Nazis who made it into the United States was almost certainly much smaller than 10,000, the figure widely cited by government officials. <br><br>The Justice Department has resisted making the report public since 2006. Under the threat of a lawsuit, it turned over a heavily redacted version last month to a private research group, the National Security Archive, but even then many of the most legally and diplomatically sensitive portions were omitted. A complete version was obtained by The New York Times. <br><br>The Justice Department said the report, the product of six years of work, was never formally completed and did not represent its official findings. It cited  numerous factual errors and omissions, but declined to say what they were. <br><br>More than 300 Nazi persecutors have been deported, stripped of citizenship or blocked from entering the United States since the creation of the O.S.I., which was merged with another unit this year. <br><br>In chronicling the cases of Nazis who were aided by American intelligence officials, the report cites help that C.I.A. officials provided in 1954 to Otto Von Bolschwing, an associate of Adolph Eichmann who had helped develop the initial plans  to purge Germany of the Jews and who later worked for the C.I.A. in the United States. In a chain of memos, C.I.A. officials debated what to do if Von Bolschwing were confronted about his past  whether to deny any Nazi affiliation or  explain it away on the basis of extenuating circumstances, the report said. <br><br>The Justice Department, after learning of Von Bolschwing s Nazi ties, sought to deport him in 1981. He died that year at age 72. <br><br>The report also examines the case of Arthur L. Rudolph, a Nazi scientist who ran the Mittelwerk munitions factory. He was brought to the United States in 1945 for his rocket-making expertise under Operation Paperclip, an American program that recruited scientists who had worked in Nazi Germany. (Rudolph has been honored by NASA and is credited as the father of the Saturn V rocket.) <br><br>The report cites a 1949 memo from the Justice Department s No. 2 official urging immigration officers to let Rudolph back in the country after a stay in Mexico, saying that a failure to do so  would be to the detriment of the national interest. <br><br>Justice Department investigators later found evidence that Rudolph was much more actively involved in exploiting slave laborers at Mittelwerk than he or American intelligence officials had acknowledged, the report says. <br><br>Some intelligence officials objected when the Justice Department sought to deport him in 1983, but the O.S.I. considered the deportation of someone of Rudolph s prominence as an affirmation of  the depth of the government s commitment to the Nazi prosecution program, according to internal memos. <br><br>The Justice Department itself sometimes concealed what American officials knew about Nazis in this country, the report found. <br><br><A href="TNYT-Nov-13B-10.html">Next page (page 2)</A> <!-- Begin html Lezersreacties --> <hr> <!-- Einde html Lezersreacties --> <CENTER><A HREF="#top"><IMG SRC="../../images/omhoog.gif" ALT="top" WIDTH=25 HEIGHT=26 BORDER=0></A></CENTER><BR> </TD></TR></TBODY></table></tr></td></TBODY></TABLE></CENTER> </FONT></blockquote></blockquote> </BODY></HTML>