deathcamp Sobibor-A: 2013
deathcamp Sobibor-B: 2013

from the ashes of Sobibor - a book by Toivi Blatt survivor of Sobibor   The Sobibor exterminationcamp was build about a 5kms from the little village of Sobibor. In this camp up to 260.000 Jews were killed during the period from June 1942 till the uprising and escape of 365 workforce prisoners on 14 October 1943. After the escape the camp was torn down. Only 47 who could escape managed to survive the end of the war. Carbon monoxide produced by a large engine of a captured Russian tank was used to kill the people in the three gaschambers (later six) of Lager III. The people that arrived at Sobibor, were sure to be killed within several hours after arrival.
Sobibor. A little village in Poland. During World War 2 there was a certain place nearby this little village, a place that brought death. That certain place went into history under the same name as the village. It was the extermination camp of Sobibor, the place where about 260.000 Jews were murdered during the war, in the period between summer 1942 and fall 1943. It is a miniscule place on earth but were so much horror took place at that time. This is why I created an internet site about it.
Camp Sobibor is the most forgotten place, almost nothing has been written on it so far, only a couple of books, some by survivors. But that remote forbidden place in Poland during the war brought so much death that we are not allowed to forget what happened there. We owe it to the victims who died in Sobibor and to the ones who survived. Only 47 survived the war after the escape on 14 oktober 1943.
The only Dutch survivor is a woman named
Selma Engel-Wijnberg (born as Saartje Wijnberg)Selma Wijnberg (Selma Engel-Wijnberg). She lived in the city I live in, Zwolle, and her family had a Hotel/Restaurant at Veemarkt 23. My granddad knew her family well. Most of Zwolle's Jews died in camp Sobibor and it is also to their rememberance that I created this page. Of course we may not forget all the other ones who died at Sobibor.

There is not much material on the Sobibor camp. Everyone knows about Auschwitz/Birkenau or other well known camps in Poland and elsewhere because there is written, audio and video material enough about it, but about the most three deadly ones it is hard to find anything. Treblinka, Belzec and Sobibor were the only of their kind (Chelmno not included because it was not a part of Aktion Reinhard) and these three didn't exist till the end of the war like all the other ones; they were broken down long before the war ended, however more than 1.700.000 Jews were killed in these three camps in only one and a half year time. Also, Auschwitz/Birkenau's capacity grew during the year 1943 so the three camps were not longer needed. Belzec was shut in March 1943, Treblinka in December 1943 and Sobibor in Oktober 1943. The remarkable fact that in Sobibor a
revolt and mass escape took place makes the camp special.

Some more info about the camp

plattegrondCamp Sobibor was divided into four sections and a pre-camp where the Germans were housed. On the left you can see a drawing of Sobibor and its parts. On top the railroad track and station of the camp where all the trains stopped and the people were forced out of the wagons they were in. The selections also took place here on the so called Rampe. The trolly track directly lead from the Rampe to the graves in Lager III. Lager I was the part of the camp where the prisoners lived and worked. It was right behind the pre-camp (left side of picture, below). Lager II, used for sorting and storing goods, was about in the middle of the camp. In between Lager II and Lager III there was also a strip where planes could land and take off. Lager IV was build later (bottom rightside picture). The camp was build near the railroadtrack from Chelm to Wlodowa. A garden for growing vegetables was in between Lager I and Lager II. Just short before the ones going through the Schlauch (Himmelfahrtsallee) entered the gaschambers they went through the barbersbaraks where their hair was cut off. In Lager III there were 2 massgraves and a burningsite.The prisoners of Lager III also lived inside this part of the camp and never came out. Later the number of gaschambers was doubled to six. The precamp was the part were the Germans lived. It was short behind the station were the trains stopped. The Ukrainian guards had several baraks on different places in the camp.

copyrights 1998 by Micha Kersten
Zwolle, the Netherlands
hosted by: Sisanit

back to top